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Villivakkam Lake Restoration – An Oasis in the making by Storm Water Drain Department

The Villivakkam Lake Restoration Project is a water body restoration and adaptation project undertaken by Chennai Smart City Limited and Storm Water Drain Department, Greater Chennai Corporation.

Location and Context

The Villivakkam Lake is located in Zone 8 (Anna Nagar) of Greater Chennai Corporation. Villivakkam is situated between the industrial estates Ambattur, Padi, ICF, Perambur Loco Works, this place is populated mostly by the working class people of Chennai. Over the years, SIDCO Industrial Estate and SIDCO Nagar have come up right on the banks and occupies around 20 acres of tank area. The Present area of the tank is about 36.34 acres of which CMWSSB will owns 11.5 acres and the rest 24.84 is with the GCC.

  • Area belongs to CMWSSB – 11.5 acres
  • Area belongs to GCC –24.84 acres
PARTICULARS UNIT
Total  Area 36.32 acres
CMWSSB Land 11.5 acres
Water Spread area 23.55 acres (95321.53sq.m)
Average depth of water 3.50 m
Holding capacity 0.07M.cum
Full Tank Level +8.500
Deepest Level +4.000
Inlet level near burial ground +7.000
Outlet at TVS canal +8.500
Debris and Desilting Quantity (for 23.55 acres) 88,000 cum (32,000 + 56,000)
Formation of Foreshore Bund 15,000 cum
Villivakkam Lake Restoration

The Challenge of Villivakkam Tank

In 2005 floods, most of the water drained into the lake does not caused major problem. Due to the dumping of Metro Rail construction debris, Tanks inlets and out has been blocked and this prevented rain water and excess flood water from being stored in it, resulting in the flooding of SIDCO Nagar for about 15 days during 2015 flood. Even at present, storm water drains in the area are completely choked up with silt, garbage and debris in many places.

Debris from Metro Construction dumped in Vilivakkam Lake

Satellite Image – Past & Present

The satellite image of Villivakkam will show contrasting status between 2001 and 2018.

Villivakkam Lake – Google Satellite Image – 2001 & 2017

Linkages to Villivakkam Lake

The inflow into Villivakkam tank is from Korattur Eri via TVS Canal. The outlet from the lake is to Otteri Nallah. The path of outlet drain is connected to Kumarasamy canal.

Environmental & Social Issues

  • Sewage Outfalls from the Pumping Station
  • Sewage has directly let in to the tank
  • Weed growth and Eutrophication
  • Encroached tank at the western side along the padi flyover
  • On the southern side a residential colony resides i.e.  Annai sathya nagar with semi pucca houses adjoining the compound wall of the tank.

Pollution Check

The restoration project involves keeping water quality sensors to check sewage intrusion.

Point Sources of Pollution

  • Over flow pipe from pump station which carry sewage from surrounding areas .
  • Major BOD (6100mg/l) contribution to the lake is from this over flow pipe.
  • Due to inadequate capacity of the pump the collected sewage are directly led in to the Tank.

Non – Point Sources of Pollution

  • Non point sources of pollution open defecation, disposal of solid waste and CMRL debris

The ground water condition in the area is:

  • Water is containing colour 10 Hu in two location(Padi line and Inlet) in excess to the exhaustible limit.
  • Chloride between 388mg/l to 758mg/l as against 250mg/l acceptable.
  • Total dissolved Solid between 1424mg/l to 2088mg/l as against 500mg/l
  • Calcium between 34mg/l to 161mg/l as against 75mg/l
  • Magnesium found more than 30mg/l in all samples
  • Ammonia 0.84 mg/l found in padi line sample.
  • Heavy metals like Mercury, Cadmium, Total Arsenic, Lead, Zinc, Nickel, Total chromium were absent in all four samples.
  • Presence of Total coliform and faecal coliform in three sample (Padi line, inlet, Annai satya nagar) due to presence of  sewage

The surface water sample results are:

  • pH range from 6.8 to 7.8 as against 6.5 to 8.5 is acceptable.
  • Inside tank sample contains BOD 86 mg/l and COD 423 mg/l indicates the presence of Sewage.
  • Presence of high Total coliform and fecal coliform is  also observed.
  • Sewage outfall point contains, BOD 20 mg/l and COD 98mg/l is observed
  • Accumulation of industrial sewage  observed in wheels india.
  • Zinc range from 0.12to 0.39 as against 5mg/l is acceptable. qHeavy metals and pesticides were absent in all samples.
  • From the Sewage collection well, over flow of sewage entering in to the Lake is observed
  • Results Clearly indicates the tank receives only untreated sewage.
  • Mitigation measures to bring back the water quality for outdoor bathing use.

Based on these condition on the ground the SWD department came up with the design to serve as a high quality public space that will also serve as an local adaptation project.

Villivakkam Lake Proposed Design

Components of the Proposed Design

  • Recreational & Leisure
  • Entrance Plaza
  • Adult’s Gym
  • Refreshment Block
  • Multipurpose Lawn
  • Landscaping
  • Park Entrance & Parking
  • Food Court qScatting Ring
  • Basket Ball Court
  • Maze
  • Tunnel
  • Open Air Theatre
  • Walking & Viewing Bridge
Components of the Proposed Villivakkam Lake Project

According to the new design:

  • Tank Bund Road will be proposed parallel to the TVS canal – about 9000 cum of desilted material will be used
  • Width of proposed road is 10m and length is 600m at the RL 11.00m.
  • At present, the encroachment PAF’S 77 was present parallel to TVS canal (west side of the tank).
  • Encroachment will be removed

The area allocated for the various components are:

S.NO Land Use Area(Sqm)
1 Water spread area 73447.21
2 Parking 2330.24
3 Oat 5611.65
4 Entrance plaza 242.62
6 Scatting ring 298.27
7 Food court 100.00
8 Back entry 242.60
9 Basketball court 385.75
10 Maze 554.29
11 Tunnel 166.48
12 Multipurpose lawn 505.99
13 Kids play 720.00
14 Outdoor gym 386.65
15 Toilet 18.00
16 Walkers pathway and Bund 17017.58
17 Green space 882.39
  Total 102909.72
18 Formation of New Road along TVS Canal 5000.00
  Grand Total 107909.72

The project is expected to be completed by End of 2019. Once completed the project will no doubt be one of the best Urban Space developments in India.